With one of the fastest-growing economies in the Latin America and the Caribbean region, and as an active player in the international climate regime, the government ratified the Paris Agreement in September 2017, and committed to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions by 25 percent by 2030 (Compared to 2010 emissions) through its Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC).
Nationally, the government has made good progress on integrating climate change into policy and has introduced the principles of climate change and sustainability into different aspects of society, the economy and the environment. Through the development of a National Adaptation Plan for Climate Change (2015-2030), as well as a Strategic Plan for Climate Change (2011-2030), the government continues to strengthen and position the country, both at the national and international level, as a leader in climate change. It has conscientiously worked to improve national capacities and reduce greenhouse gas emissions while simultaneously growing its economy.
Through different projects and initiatives, the government successfully built a department to carry out the preparation of the national greenhouse gas inventories and created a reporting system with the participation of relevant stakeholders.
But with limited resources and a lack of overarching framework, the government had never tried to integrate its initiatives and coordinate and collect data from other institutions, leaving considerable gaps between the inventory reports presented and the emissions data available in the different sectors.
To help fill these gaps and meet the requirements of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), a more robust and sustainable monitoring, reporting and verification (MRV) system was required. An MRV system that could comprehensively integrate all ongoing initiatives and one that is supported by a coherent regulatory framework, tools and long-term funding.
The Initiative for Climate Action Transparency (ICAT) teamed up with the Dominican Republic National Council for Climate Change and the Clean Development Mechanism in 2017 to address this challenge.
Building on past projects and successes, the ICAT project was able to hit the ground running and immediately begin mapping all the existing structures and processes related to MRV.
Based on the initial mapping, recommendations to improve the existing institutional arrangements and processes for MRV were proposed to national stakeholders and a roadmap to implement the recommendations was developed.